Embark on an epic quest to build the greatest structure in the history of mankind in this addictive and fast paced time-management game. The nomads are attacking once again, and it is up to Emperor Kong Boatu to stop them. Accept the challenge to build The Great Wall of China in 4 unique locations and 40 exciting levels. The journey will take you from the golden plains and snowy mountain cliffs to the sun baked desert and other mysterious places. Finish the epic story of Kong Boatu and write your name in history!
- 40 thrilling levels spanning 4 locations
- Fast paced and addictive time management gameplay
- Lots of new bonuses and power-ups
Game System Requirements:
- OS: Windows XP/Windows Vista/Windows 7/Windows 8/Windows 10
- CPU: 2.0 GHz
- RAM: 2048 MB
- DirectX: 9.0
- Hard Drive: 344 MB
Big Fish Games App System Requirements:
- Browser: Internet Explorer 7 or later
Building the Great Wall of China 2 is rated out of 5 by 33.Rated 5 out of 5 by Cabri3 from Get the Collectors' Edition This is one of the few building games I enjoy. While I don't usually like Collectors' Editions (they normally are an inferior addition to the storyline, and not worth paying twice as much to get 25% more), with this I'd recommend getting it if you can. Big Fish doesn't carry it, for some reason, so you'll have to look elsewhere, but it's worth it. Your challenge is to build the Wall in spite of dragons, bad weather conditions, and the necessity of accumulating supplies and food. You can plan several steps ahead, which is a nice feature. Also, you can choose which upgrades to buy, so you can tailor it to your strategy preferences. The only bad thing is that the awards are based on the CE, so if you get the standard version you won't get them all. Myself, I just ignore that, as though it was a glitch, since I know I've gotten all that are doable. If you like this I'd recommend Pirate Chronicles CE by the same company. Arr!
Date published: 2018-03-14Rated 5 out of 5 by volfan37132 from Fun Time Management Game Gather food, lumber, stone, gold and coal to build the Great Wall of China.
Date published: 2015-12-30Rated 5 out of 5 by CJgold from Great Atmosphere and Clever New Features in this Fun TM Game! The original in this series is one of my favorite all-time Time Management games; I have replayed it several times through the years. It was wonderful to see this sequel, and now having completed it, I can say the sequel is a welcome addition to the original. It’s a nice game! The lovely Asian atmosphere from the first game is intact in the sequel. The graphics beautifully illustrate buildings and scenery, even better than the first game. And I love this music – it is never annoying like many TM games but rather enjoyably Zen, and it sets a tone of mystery while remaining edgy enough to remind you to keep moving quickly. Another nice touch not seen in other TM games is the ability to purchase building upgrades with earned coins from each level, so you have a choice in the order of upgrades. And my favorite new aspect is the Caravan, which allows you to gather and transport some resources to the next level. What a clever idea. At the same time, however, the ability to transfer resources to the opening of a new level makes the game just a tad too easy for me. I achieved three stars on every level with time to spare. The first game in the series was a bit more challenging, which is why it remains a favorite with me. I imagine it’s hard for developers to strike a perfect balance in terms of difficulty, but if this game had been slightly more challenging it would have become another all-time favorite. I think if I were to play it again, I would skip the Caravan deal, and enter each new level empty of resources, just to raise the challenge bar a bit. I still give it five stars because it’s fun, lovely to look at and listen to, and they introduced some clever new features, which adds up to a win for me. Hope you enjoy it, too! :)
Date published: 2015-12-06Rated 5 out of 5 by Chigirl78 from Just the sequel I've been waiting for! I have love playing the original, so I was excited to see that a sequel came out. There have been some good upgrades to the graphics and game play. I bought it after just playing 2 levels. Super fun.
Date published: 2015-12-03Rated 5 out of 5 by just_my_thoughts from A Top Time Management Game This game certainly is an upgrade in graphics, sound and story line compared to its first release. It also has some new features which put the player more on the plan-ahead management role. Most importantly, based on the earned incentives during the game progress the player has to decide which buildings can be upgraded to what level. This is crucial for finishing the rounds in best time. So, the player has to think about which buildings are most important for basic supply (such as wood and stones, whereas food is less important since there are also alternatives like pumpkins etc. available), and what buildings have a general impact on the overall earnings and speed (such as storage building, home base for man power, the building for saving supplies for the next level, or the building for power ups).If the upgrade priority has been done right, the game plays smoothly without time problems. As a matter of fact, I found this game easier to play than the first release and would have wished to be somewhat harder to accomplish the 3 stars as the game progresses.If there is one point for improvements, I would suggest that the building upgrade priorities can be recessed so that the player can make adjustments according to the learning curve. I actually do not like hidden object or action games, both of which are included in the game and cannot be skipped. However, they are easily manageable and did not take away from the overall experience of the game.
Date published: 2015-12-03Rated 5 out of 5 by sambone from Liked the first one love this one It gives a little history. It is not real challenging but enough to keep my interest. I finished with 3 stars in each level. Had to replay a few but all the more fun. Much better than the first one. You build your quarry, sawmill, coal mine, ect. You have to go pick up your supplies to either up grade or build with. You can build a storage to gather more goods. There is an interesting feature too you can carry over a few of your supplies to the next level.The hidden object mini games were ok a little annoying at times but interesting enough. This is a TM game and different than the builder games I don't really care for. Give it a try. Hope they make more like this.
Date published: 2015-12-03Rated 5 out of 5 by gmac1007 from Fun To Play And Gorgeous To Look At This is a really cool building game. Yes you do the basic building as any other building game but this one does throw in some different things. You have your normal buildings like the sawmill, farm, stone mines and gold mines but with this one you also build a fort to protect your buildings because there will be some nasty Nomads and Wizards coming in to destroy what they can so the fort comes in handy. You get to play a mini game when this happens unless you don't have the fort built then you have to repair what is damaged. The graphics are gorgeous and the buildings are really cool looking also there are some hidden object scenes as well when you get ready to go to another place. It has two modes of play normal and relaxed. The game can be challenging and it does take some planning on some levels.The music is definitely fitting and the little worker dudes are really cute I love watching them scoot around. With this one your upgrades don't come automatically you have to buy them with the money you've earned by playing the level, this is something I've never seen before with one of these games and I find it to be rather cool. Also there are fun history facts about China before each level and they are really cool. All in all this is a really great little game that offers lots of fun and challenges with some different things thrown in and plenty of eye candy. I'm very glad I purchased this game I haven't got very far but I am having a blast with it. This is the second game of the series I have the first one as well and really enjoyed it. Give the demo a try it's really worth it. Thank you dev's for a great little builder and I hope to see more from you like this and thank you Big Fish for another time management game. Have fun everybody.
Date published: 2015-12-03Rated 5 out of 5 by MistressVo from Fun Time Management Game I played the first game in this series and it was fun as well. It has mini-games in addition to the usual time management piece and rewards you with gold coins for meeting certain goals, e.g. collecting 20 pumpkins in 2 minutes. You also earn gold coins based on overall level performance and you can then use the gold coins to purchase building upgrades between levels. The tutorial isn't to hand-holding and you can turn it off, although it's helpful for pointing out useful features of new buildings. I completely recommend this game for all time management fans.
Date published: 2015-12-02Rated 5 out of 5 by brimaz from WELCOME BACK! SO good to have a new Great Wall game. This one is basically the same as the original, but with interesting additions - nomads who'll destroy your buildings unless you fight them off, HOGs, and you earn coins to pay for upgrades. Love it!
Date published: 2015-12-02Rated 5 out of 5 by twtscat48 from Fun and Cute TM Game!! I have the first Building the Great Wall of China. This one has the same cute characters and interesting and fun game play. Like the previous version you collect resources to be able to build the wall. It's very enjoyable. I bought this game as well. I definitely recommend this game!!!
Date published: 2015-12-02
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Great Wall of China History Gallery of Pictures Travel .
The Great Wall developed from the disparate border fortifications and castles of individual Chinese kingdoms. For several centuries these kingdoms probably were as concerned with protection from their near neighbours as they were with the threat of barbarian invasions or raids.
About the 7th century bce the state of Chu started to construct a permanent defensive system. Known as the “Square Wall,” this fortification was situated in the northern part of the kingdom’s capital province. From the 6th to the 4th century other states followed Chu’s example. In the southern part of the Qi state an extensive perimeter wall was gradually created using existing river dikes, newly constructed bulwarks, and areas of impassable mountain terrain. The Qi wall was made mainly of earth and stone and terminated at the shores of the Yellow Sea. In the Zhongshan state a wall system was built to thwart invasion from the states of Zhao and Qin in the southwest. There were two defensive lines in the Wei state: the Hexi (“West of the [Yellow] River”) and Henan (“South of the River”) walls. The Hexi Wall was a fortification against the Qin state and western nomads. Built during the reign of King Hui (370–335 bce), it was expanded from the dikes on the Luo River on the western border. It started in the south near Xiangyuan Cave, east of Mount Hua, and ended at Guyang in what is now the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Henan Wall, built to protect Daliang (the capital, now Kaifeng), was repaired and extended in King Hui’s later years. The Zheng state also built a wall system, which was rebuilt by the Han state after it conquered Zheng. The state of Zhao completed a southern wall and a northern wall; the southern wall was built mainly as a defense against the Wei state.
After administrative reorganization was carried out by Shang Yang (died 338 bce), the Qin state grew politically and militarily to become the strongest among the seven states, but it was frequently raided by the Donghu and Loufan, two nomadic peoples from the north. Therefore, the Qin erected a wall that started from Lintiao, went north along the Liupan Mountains, and ended at the Huang He (Yellow River).
In the Yan state two separate defensive lines were prepared—the Northern Wall and the Yishui Wall—in an effort to defend the kingdom from attacks by northern groups such as the Donghu, Linhu, and Loufan, as well as by the Qi state in the south. The Yishui Wall was expanded from the dike of the Yi River as a defense line against Qi and Zhao, its two main rival states. It began southwest of Yi City, the capital, and ended south of Wen’an. In 290 bce the Yan state built the Northern Wall along the Yan Mountains, starting from the northeast in the area of Zhangjiakou in Hebei, passing over the Liao River, and extending to the ancient city of Xiangping (modern Liaoyang). This was the last segment of the Great Wall to be erected during the Zhanguo (Warring States) period.
In 221 bce Shihuangdi, the first Qin emperor, completed his annexation of Qi and thus unified China. He ordered removal of the fortifications set up between the previous states because they served only as obstacles to internal movements and administration. In addition, he sent Gen. Meng Tian to garrison the northern border against incursions of the nomadic Xiongnu and to link the existing wall segments in Qin, Yan, and Zhao into the so-called “10,000-Li Long Wall” (2 li equal approximately 0.6 mile [1 km]). This period of construction began about 214 bce and lasted a decade. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers and conscripted workers laboured on the project. With the fall of the Qin dynasty after Shihuangdi’s death, however, the wall was left largely ungarrisoned and fell into disrepair.
During the reign of the Han emperor Wudi (141–87 bce), the wall was strengthened as part of an overall campaign against the Xiongnu. From that period the Great Wall also contributed to the exploitation of farmland in northern and western China and to the growth of the trade route that came to be known as the Silk Road. In 121 bce a 20-year project of construction was started on the Hexi Wall (generally known as the Side Wall) between Yongdeng (now in Gansu) in the east and Lake Lop Nur (now in Xinjiang) in the west. According to Juyan Hanjian (“Juyan Correspondence of the Han”), the strongpoints set up along the wall included “a beacon every 5 li, a tower every 10 li, a fort every 30 li, and a castle every 100 li.”
The main work on the wall during the Dong (Eastern) Han period (25–220 ce) took place during the reign of Liu Xiu (Guangwudi), who in 38 ordered the repair of four parallel lines of the Great Wall in the area south of the Hexi Wall. The Great Wall served not only for defense but also to centralize control of trade and travel.
During the Bei (Northern) Wei dynasty (386–534/535 ce), the Great Wall was repaired and extended as a defense against attacks from the Juan-juan and Khitan tribes in the north. According to Wei shu: Mingyuandi Ji (“History of Wei: Chronicle of Emperor Mingyuan”), in 417, the eighth year of the reign of Mingyuandi (409–423), a part of the Great Wall was built south of Changchuan, from Chicheng (now in Hebei) to Wuyuan (now in Inner Mongolia) in the west, extending more than 620 miles (1,000 km). During the reign of Taiwudi (423–452), a lower and thinner wall of rammed earth was built around the capital as a complement to the Great Wall. Starting from Guangling in the east, it extended to the eastern side of the Huang He, forming a circle around Datong. In 549, after the Dong Wei kingdom moved its capital east to Ye, it also built a segment of the Great Wall in the area of contemporary Shanxi province.
In order to strengthen its northern frontier and prevent invasion from the west by the Bei Zhou, the Bei Qi kingdom (550–577) launched several big construction projects that were nearly as extensive in scope as the building projects of the Qin dynasty. In 552 a segment was built on the northwestern border, and only three years later the emperor ordered the recruitment of 1.8 million workers to repair and extend other sections. The construction took place between the south entrance of Juyong Pass (near modern Beijing) and Datong (in Shanxi). In 556 a new fortification was set up in the east and extended to the Yellow Sea. The following year a second wall was built inside the Great Wall within modern Shanxi, beginning in the vicinity of Laoying east of Pianguan, extending to the east beyond Yanmen Pass and Pingxing Pass, and ending in the area around Xiaguan in Shanxi. In 563 the emperor Wuchengdi of the Bei Qi had a segment repaired along the Taihang Mountains. That is the part of the Great Wall found today in the area around Longguan, Guangchang, and Fuping (in Shanxi and Hebei). In 565 the inner wall built in 557 was repaired, and a new wall was added that started in the vicinity of Xiaguan, extended to the Juyong Pass in the east, and then joined to the outer wall. The segments repaired and added during the Bei Qi period totaled some 900 miles (1,500 km), and towns and barracks were established at periodic intervals to garrison the new sections. In 579, in order to prevent invasions of the Bei Zhou kingdom by the Tujue (a group of eastern Turks) and the Khitan, the emperor Jing started a massive rebuilding program on areas of the wall located in the former Bei Qi kingdom, starting at Yanmen in the west and ending at Jieshi in the east.
During the Sui dynasty (581–618) the Great Wall was repaired and improved seven times in an effort to defend the country against attacks from the Tujue. After the Tang dynasty (618–907) replaced the Sui, the country grew much stronger militarily, defeating the Tujue in the north and expanding beyond the original frontier. Thus, the Great Wall gradually lost its significance as a fortification, and there was no need for repairs or additions. During the Song dynasty (960–1279), however, the Liao and Jin peoples in the north were a constant threat. The Song rulers were forced to withdraw to the south of the lines of the Great Wall built by the Qin, Han, and Northern dynasties. Many areas on both sides of the wall were subsequently taken over by the Liao (907–1125) and Jin dynasties (1115–1234). When the Song rulers had to retreat even farther—to the south of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)—repairs to the wall or extensions of it were no longer feasible. Limited repairs were carried out once (1056) during Liao times but only in the area between the Yazi and Huntong rivers.
In 1115, after the Jin dynasty was established, work was performed on two defensive lines at Mingchang. The old wall there—previously called the Wushu Wall, or Jinyuan Fort—ran westward from a point north of Wulanhada, then wound through the Hailatu Mountains, turning to the north and then to the west again, finally ending at the Nuanshui River. The second of the lines was the new Mingchang Wall, also called the Inner Jin Wall or the Jin Trench, which was constructed south of the old wall. It started in the west from a bend in the Huang He and ended at the Sungari (Songhua) River.
During the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty (1206–1368), the Mongols controlled all of China, as well as other parts of Asia and sections of Europe. As a defensive structure the Great Wall was of little significance to them; however, some forts and key areas were repaired and garrisoned in order to control commerce and to limit the threat of rebellions from the Chinese (Han) and other nationalities.
Rulers during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) ceaselessly maintained and strengthened the Great Wall to prevent another Mongolian invasion. The majority of the work took place along the old walls built by the Bei Qi and Bei Wei.
Most of the Great Wall that stands today is the result of work done during the reign of the Hongzhi emperor (1487–1505). Starting west of Juyong Pass, this part of the wall was split into south and north lines, respectively named the Inner and Outer walls. Along the wall were many strategic “passes” (i.e., fortresses) and gates. Among them were Juyong, Daoma, and Zijing passes, the three closest to the Ming capital Beijing. Together they were referred to as the Three Inner Passes. Farther west were Yanmen, Ningwu, and Piantou passes, known as the Three Outer Passes. Both the Inner and Outer passes were of key importance in protecting the capital and were usually heavily garrisoned.
After the Qing (Manchu) dynasty (1644–1911/12) replaced the Ming, there was a change in ruling strategy called huairou (“mollification”), wherein the Qing tried to pacify the leaders and peoples of Mongolia, Tibet, and other nationalities by not interfering with local social, cultural, or religious life. Because of the success of that strategy, the Great Wall was repaired less frequently, and it gradually fell into ruin Rush on Rome
Great Wall of China wall China Britannica.com
WHO WERE THESE NOMADS ANYWAY
To understand the Wall, we need to first understand why it was built. Most Great Wall histories tell us that it was built in order to keep out “nomadic tribes from the north”. But who were they exactly
Nearly half of Modern China is desert, mountain or arid plateau, particularly in the north. Throughout China’s history, the people from these unforgiving “northern steppe” areas lived in close proximity (often overlapping territories) with the Chinese. These northern nomads were certainly not all homogenous, however they shared many similarities and had distinctively different cultures and languages from the Chinese.
For over 2,000 years—they regularly harassed, invaded and even conquered the settled agricultural civilizations of the Chinese Empire.
Today, historians debate the reasons for this complex, dynamic interaction. However, throughout history, the Chinese have typically resorted to simplistic explanations: These nomads are just naturally uncivilized and warlike (even sub-human).
For instance, a Han Dynasty historian wrote that the northern Xiongnu simply had an inborn nature towards plundering and marauding (which is almost as overly simplistic as saying that modern terrorists attack us because they “hate our freedom”).
SETTLED AGRICULTURE VS. NOMADIC HERDING
Modern historians, however, focus on the fundamental incompatibility between settled agriculture and nomadic herding. The theory is that conflict between the two types of civilizations should not be surprising given their close proximity.
If, for instance, drought or famine hit the northern steppes, the nomads were forced to find pastures in Han Chinese territory…inevitably leading to conflict. Or in truly desperate times, they might resort to pillaging Chinese settlements.
This must have been a tempting option given their far superior skills on horseback, which included exceptional skill in mounted archery (they typically were trained on horseback from an early age).
For these early “shock and awe” warriors, they could swoop in…..and just as easily escape without the threat of being chased down and caught.
TO TRADE OR TO RAID, THAT IS THE QUESTION
Historians also look at the dynamic of these two cultures through the lens of trade. Through the centuries, the relationship certainly wasn’t always antagonistic—they often co-existed peacefully and engaged in mutually beneficial trade.
For instance, the northern nomads valued grain, textiles, medicines, pottery, and metal tools (including weapons). On the other hand, the Chinese lands weren’t well suited for raising horses—essential for mounted cavalry to fight each other as well as the nomads. There was also strong Chinese demand for pelts, cattle and sheep.
However, during periods when trade relations were cut off, the nomads had the option of simply smashing and grabbing.
A PERSISTENT HEADACHE FOR CHINESE EMPERORS
These nomadic tribes weren’t just small groups on sporadic raids either. Over the centuries, many consolidated power and built empires with large, well-organized armies with ambitions well beyond simply plundering. Some were formidable enough to conquer and rule China– the Mongols ruled for a century starting in 1279 and the Manchus for nearly two and a half centuries starting in 1644.
As a result, for over 2,000 years, successive Chinese emperors were preoccupied with containing their northern neighbors. Their solutions ranged from a mix of diplomatic and military options.
For particularly strong dynasties, the military option was sometimes successful. For instance, the Han Emperor Wudi led some successful attacks into the Xiongnu homelands in 119 BC. But these campaigns were costly and their inferior skills on horseback always put them at a disadvantage, whether fighting or chasing.
Historians also note that these persistent problems with their neighbors helped shape a sense of Chinese cultural superiority. This was evident as early as 3,000 years ago, when today’s Chinese name for “China” was first used during the Zhou Dynasty, 1066-771 BC (Zhong Guo: 中国, literally “Central Nation” or “Middle Kingdom”). All outsiders were lumped into the “uncivilized barbarians” category, an attitude that would persist through the early 20th century (actually, there’s still a sense of cultural superiority in China today).
THE GREAT WALL 1.0
As mentioned in the overview, large-scale wall building started during the Warring States Period (475-221BC). During the Qin Dynasty, some of these early fortifications along the northern frontier would become part of the “first” Great Wall.
In 215 BC, the First Emperor Qin Shi Huang ordered his general Meng Tian to start constructing the Great Wall to protect against the northern nomads. In addition to building on previously constructed walls along the northern border, he also ordered the destruction of the earlier wall sections that now divided his empire along the old borders (to impose centralized rule as well as prevent any resurrection of regional warlords).
The first and most famous historical reference of the Great Wall is found in the Shi Ji, the first systematic Chinese historical text:
“After Qin had unified the world, Meng Tian was sent to command a host of 300,000…and built a great wall, constructing its defiles and passes according to the configuration of the terrain. It started at Lintao, crossed the Yellow River, wound northwards touching Mount Yang and extended to Liaodong, reaching a distance of more than 10,000 li.”
This brief passage hit two key phrases that gave the Great Wall its name. The first was chang cheng (“long wall” or “great wall”). The second was wan li, or “10,000 li” (li = a unit of distance about a half a kilometer or third of a mile).
Though the distance isn’t meant to be literal, the Chinese today refer to the Great Wall as wan li chang cheng (usually abbreviated to just chang cheng). In ancient China, “10,000 li” was often used as a shorthand for “infinity”.
Besides the Qin, the other two major wall-building dynasties were the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) and the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
THE HAN DYNASTY WALL
The short-lived Qin dynasty was followed by the Han Dynasty, which lasted for over four centuries at its capital of Chang’an (today’s Xi’an). Building on the Qin walls, the Han invested a lot into fortifying their national defense (in order to “stop the Hu horses crossing the Yinshan mountains,” in the words of the time).
The Han significantly extended the Wall out to the Gobi Desert—due largely to their westward expansion of the Silk Road (the Wall protected traders from roving bandits). In fact, the Han-era Wall—stretching from Liaodong in the east to Xinjiang to the west, was the longest wall built by any dynasty.
After the Han, the Wall mostly fell into disuse (mainly because it was costly to constantly maintain and repair it). Future emperors often relied on a combination of alliances, good diplomacy, and a strong military to keep their northern neighbors in check.
For instance, a Tang Dynasty (618-907) emperor stated that one of his generals was “a better Great Wall than the ramparts built by the Sui emperor Yangdi” (the previous dynasty).
SERVING DOUBLE-DUTY AS TRADING POSTS
Throughout its history—when relations weren’t overly antagonistic—the Wall served as trading markets for the different cultures to meet and trade goods.
After years of these economic and cultural exchanges along various passes along the Wall, entire cities sprouted up with residents from both sides, including at Shanhaiguan Pass, Zhangjiakou, Gubeikou, and Jiayuguan Pass.
THE MONGOL THREAT
Fast forward to the 1200s. During the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), China saw the rise of a new breed of ferocious steppe warriors: the Mongols. Led by the legendary Genghis Khan, the Mongolian Empire united the northern states to become a large, formidable, and well-organized army that was more than capable of threatening the entire Chinese Empire.
Despite significant fortifications, the Wall at the time was still largely the earthen walls of past centuries and relatively easy to overcome. Khan and his Mongol horde easily passed through at the strategically located Juyongguan Pass in 1211. They plundered at will around the capital of Beijing, though didn’t attempt to sack it.
In the following decades, the Mongols regularly found ways around or through the Wall. In 1279, the Mongols—under the leadership of Kublai Khan, Genghis’ grandson—defeated the Song and ruled all of China for the next 100 years (the Yuan Dynasty). As expected, the Walls were not maintained during the Yuan Dynasty since there was no longer any northern threat to repel.
THE BIG, BAD MING DYNASTY WALLS
Fast forward a century later: The Chinese were back in charge in 1368, after they drove the Mongols back north—signaling the start of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). All of the modern sections of the wall (that you typically see in photos) were all created during the Ming Dynasty.
With the threat of the Mongol still fresh in mind, the Ming government naturally spent a lot of time thinking about border policies and defenses (as well as diplomatic strategy).
Building a new wall, however, caused a lot of debate– many officials believed that building and maintaining a new wall would simply be too costly. And because of early successes in fighting the Mongols in their own territory, the project was shelved until the 1400s, after relations with the Mongols deteriorated.
An interesting note: the official Ming documents didn’t refer to the “chang cheng” since it was still so firmly associated in Chinese folklore with the widespread suffering caused by the much hated First Emperor Qin fifteen centuries earlier. Instead, it was referred to as the “bian cheng” (“frontier wall”).
Eventually, the Ming rulers decided to start construction of a new, impregnable Wall. They also came to the conclusion that more than walls were needed – military outposts near the northern border would be the first line of defense against invaders. These so-called “nine outer garrisons” were the base of operations for a military community, whose purpose was defensive as well as diplomatic. The second, inner line of defense consisted of earlier walls, which were linked by new walls and forts built at mountain passes.
The Ming-era walls took over 100 years to complete (though not always continuous given constant political infighting). By the end of the 16th century, the Great Wall 2.0 was mostly completed–these Ming Walls are undisputedly the zenith of the Great Wall construction.
WHEN THE MANCHUS COME MARCHING (COME ON IN!)
After nearly three hundred years, the Ming Dynasty came to a close in 1644 after collapsing from corruption, ineffectiveness, and ultimately internal rebellion. The Ming was followed by the Qing Dynasty. Like the Yuan Dynasty (Mongols), the Qing was a non-Chinese state from the north, called the Manchurians.
Unlike the Mongols however, the Manchus came into power through the back door. In 1644, the weakened Ming government was quickly being overrun by a peasant-led rebellion. At the same time, the Manchus—who coexisted relatively peacefully with the Ming—saw their opening and marched their army to the gates of the Great Wall at “The First Pass Under Heaven” (aka, Shanhaiguan).
The Ming general in charge of Shanhaiguan was caught with a dilemma: He ultimately decided that they couldn’t defeat the rebellion alone so he allied with the Manchus. He opened the gates and allowed them to march through. The Manchus marched to Beijing, helped defeat the rebels, and then declared the start of a new dynasty: the Qing Dynasty.
Great Wall historians like to point out that it’s ironic the Ming spent over a century building the Wall to defend against Mongol invasion…only to let another group of northern foreigners simply march through and take over.
THE GREAT WALL AFTER THE MING
During the Qing Dynasty, the wall fell into disrepair (again). For one, there no longer was any threat from the northern steppe people…the Qing rulers were from there (and had good relations with the other northern states). More importantly, they would soon have their hands full with a new threat arriving by sea : the maritime powers of Europe as well as an increasingly powerful and aggressive Japan.
It wasn’t until the 1930s that the Great Wall played any significant role in Chinese history. During (and before) the second Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45, the United Chinese Front (Nationalists and Communists) actually used the Great Wall for its intended purpose as a physical barrier to defend from northern invasion (what are the chances!).
At the time, Japan had control of the areas north of the Wall, in Manchuria. When Japanese troops marched south to attack Beijing in 1933, they encountered an unexpected obstacle: a curiously long wall blocking their path. Most of the fighting was concentrated near Shanhaiguan (where the Manchus marched through).
After three days of intense fighting, the more modern and well-oiled Japanese troops broke though. Today, thousands of bullet holes can be seen along the Wall from battles against the Japanese.
Twelve years later, Shanhaiguan and the Japanese would again make history at the Great Wall. Despite the fact that Japan had just lost WWII and formally surrendered 1945, the remaining Japanese troops who were hunkered down there refused to lay down their arms (perhaps because of their “never give up” samurai honor code). On August 30, 1945, the Chinese—supported by shellfire from the Soviet Red Army—supposedly killed 3,000 Japanese soldiers in the span of three hours.
THE GREAT WALL UNDER THE COMMIES
For three centuries after the Ming dynasty collapsed, Chinese intellectuals tended to view the Wall as a symbol of what was wrong with China. They often said that it was a colossal waste of lives and resources that was less a symbol of the country’s strength than one of China’s crippling sense of insecurity.
As a result, the Wall has only been viewed as a cultural treasure in relatively modern Chinese history. Although it was Chairman Mao Zedong who once said: “You’re not a real man if you haven’t climbed the Great Wall,” his Communist revolution did nothing for the preservation of the wall.
On the contrary, the Great Wall—like so many destroyed ancient Chinese temples, relics, and art—were denounced as old symbols of feudalism that were holding China back. In the 1960s, Mao’s Red Guards carried this disdain to revolutionary excess, destroying sections the “feudal relic”.
Even before the Cultural Revolution and Red Guards, Mao also actively encouraged farmers to use make use of stones and bricks from the wall as free construction material. During the Mao era (and even beyond), peasants pilfered tamped earth from the ramparts to replenish their fields, and stones to build houses, walls, and country outhouses.
Fortunately Deng Xiaoping–Mao’s more practical successor—understood the Wall’s iconic value. In 1984, he famously declared: “Love China, Restore the Great Wall,” and launched a restoration and reconstruction effort starting at the sections near Beijing (Badaling was the first to undergo major restoration).
Perhaps Deng sensed that the nation he hoped to build into a superpower needed to reclaim the legacy of a China whose ingenuity had built one of the world’s greatest wonders.
THE GREAT WALL UNDER SEIGE
Despite Deng’s efforts, the Great Wall today is still under assault by both man and nature (particularly in heavily polluted areas). Though no one knows for sure, Chinese Great Wall authorities have estimated that more than two-thirds of the Wall may have been damaged or destroyed, while the rest remains under siege.
Today’s threats come from reckless tourists, opportunistic developers, an indifferent public and the ravages of nature. Taken together, these forces—largely byproducts of China’s economic boom—imperil the wall, from its tamped-earth ramparts in the western deserts to its majestic stone fortifications spanning the forested hills north of Beijing, near Badaling, where several million tourists converge each year.
The Great Wall has been a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site since 1987. However, many locals who live close to the Wall still view it with indifference.
According to William Lindesay, the founder and director of International Friends of the Great Wall: “The next 30 years are going to be a period where destruction of the wall is going to be much, much less.” The British geographer was the first foreigner to run the length of the Wall (and was arrested several times in the process, including being deported). Commenting on the preservation of the Wall, he wrote: “Even into the 1990s, I have seen farmers with hoes dismantling towers, putting the bricks in their baskets to carry downhill for building.”
More stringent regulations were enacted in late 2006 to curb such abuses—damaging the wall is now a criminal offense. Anyone caught bulldozing sections or conducting all-night raves on its ramparts—two of many indignities the wall has suffered—now faces fines. The laws, however, contain no provisions for extra personnel or funds. According to Dong Yaohui, president of the China Great Wall Society, “The problem is not lack of laws, but failure to put them into practice.”
As recently as 2009, Mongolian gold prospectors irreparably damaged about 300 feet of a 2,000-year section of the wall in a remote part of Inner Mongolia. In 2006, a construction firm was fined Y500,000 (about US$63,000) for intentionally damaging the wall in order to build a highway through a large section of it without government approval, despite several warnings.
“The Great Wall is a miracle, a cultural achievement not just for China but for humanity,” added Dong Yaohui. “If we let it get damaged beyond repair in just one or two generations, it will be our lasting shame Windows 7 Activator Full x86-x64-360day-04-01-2013”
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How long is the Great Wall China Mike’s Great Wall of .
The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest sights in the world — the longest wall in the world, an awe-inspiring feat of ancient defensive architecture. Its winding path over rugged country and steep mountains takes in some great scenery.
The Great Wall facts
Read more about Great Wall Facts.
Who Built the Great Wall and Why
The "Long Wall" has a long history — more than 2,300 years. It was built in different areas by different states/dynasties to protect different territorial borders.
Who Built the Great Wall, and When
It's often said that the First Emperor of Qin built the Great Wall. Actually he was not the first to build it. See below:
|Dynasty||Great Wall History — Key Events|
|Zhou Dynasty: The (Pre-) Warring States Period (770–221 BC)||State overlords built state border walls.|
|The Qin Dynasty (221–207 BC)||The First Emperor of Qin linked the Great Wall sections on China's northern border.|
|The Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD)||Han Wudi extended the Great Wall west to Yumen Pass and beyond.|
|The Ming Dynasty (1368–1644)||Hero General Qi Jiguang rebuilt the Great Wall around Beijing.|
- Read more on the 2,300 -year history of the Great Wall.
Why the Great Wall Was Built
- To prevent invasion
- To protect Silk Road trade
In the Qin Dynasty, the First Emperor of Qin inked the northern walls to prevent invasion from northern nations. In the Han Dynasty, the emperors extended the Great Wall far into today's western China to protect Silk Road trade.
How the Great Wall was Built
The majestic Great Wall was built with wisdom, dedication, blood, sweat, and tears. Families were separated, and many workers died and were interred as part of the Great Wall itself.
- Workers: soldiers, peasants, rebels
- Materials: stone, soil, sand, brick
- Material delivery: by hand, rope, cart, goat
Read more on How the Great Wall Was Built — Materials and Methods: See who the workers were, their construction techniques, and how they moved the huge amount of materials.
How Tall Is the Great Wall
The height of the Great Wall is 5–8 meters (16–26 feet), where intact/restored. It was designed to be at least three times the height of a man. Some of the Wall was built along ridges, which make it look taller.
The Great Wall's Structure — Walls, Watchtowers, Fortresses…A watchtower at the Great Wall
The Great Wall was not just a wall. It was an integrated military defensive system with watchtowers for surveillance, fortresses for command posts and logistics, beacon towers for communications, etc.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), the Great Wall was reconstructed to be stronger and more sophisticated, due to better construction techniques being developed.
- The wall body: The Ming Great Wall usually had battlements 1.8 meters (6 feet) high with loopholes and crenels, and parapet walls 1.2 meters (4 feet) high.
- Flanking towers: Every 500 meters or less (1,640 feet) on the Great Wall there was a flanking tower allowing defenders to shoot arrows at attackers at the face of the wall.
- Fortresses were built at important/vulnerable access points (passes), such as Shanhai Pass Fortress, Juyong Pass Fortress, and Jiayu Pass Fortress. There were many archery windows and gates on the forts. The fortress gatehouses were the strongest and most impregnable structures on the Great Wall.
Read more about How Was the Great Wall Defended.
Present Condition — 30% of the Great Wall Is Gone30% of the Great Wall is gone.
Due to natural erosion and human damage, about 2,000 kilometers, or 30% of the Ming Great Wall has disappeared. (Far more of previous dynasties' Great Wall sections is gone.)
Restoration and Protection to the Great Wall
To prevent further loss of the Great Wall, the Chinese Government has taken measures to protect it:
- Laws to protect the Great Wall
- Funds for protection, restoration, and maintenance
As individuals, we can do the follows to protect the Great Wall:
- Plant trees to keep the Great Wall slopes protected from erosion
- Don't litter and graffiti / remove trash and graffiti
- Don't damage the Great Wall / take bricks home (it's illegal)
Read more about Great wall Protection.
Great Wall Culture — Legends, Stories, Poetry…Meng Jiang Nü weeping over the Great Wall.
The Great Wall is a China icon. It shows us not only China's culture of national pride, grand projects, and determined resistance, but also China's extravagant architecture and creativity.
During the construction of the Great Wall, there were many interesting legends and myths, such as Meng Jiang Nü weeping over the Great Wall, a sad but romantic love story set in the Qin Dynasty.
Read more on Great Wall Culture — Legends, Stories, Poetry…
Great Wall Travel
The Great Wall of China is the must-visit China attraction. Perhaps the most powerful advertising words in history come from the poetic pen of Chairman Mao: "Until you reach the Great Wall, you're no hero." Figuratively this has come to mean 'to get over difficulties before reaching a goal'.
See more Great Wall Sayings.
70,000 Visitors Per Day! — and that's just one section!
After the Great Wall opened to the public as a tourist attraction, hundreds of millions of visitors have been to its various sections. Badaling section is the most visited section (63,000,000 visitors in 2001). In peak seasons, the visitor flow can be up to 70,000 per day!
Why You Should Visit The Great WallThe Great Wall in autumn
"Greatest Human Feat in History": The Great Wall is the building project with the longest duration and greatest cost in human lives, blood, sweat and tears. It deserves its place among "the New Seven Wonders of the World" and the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Over 300 World VIPs Have Visited the Great Wall!
Over the years, many national leaders and celebrities have been to the Great Wall...
- Barack Obama, President of the U.S., visited the Great Wall in November 18, 2009.
- David Cameron, Britain's Prime Minister, visited Juyong Pass on November 10, 2010.
- See who else has been to the Great Wall.
Most Popular Sections Around BeijingThe Great Wall at Mutianyu
We would rank Beijing's nearby Great Wall sections as follows, according to our customers' feedback and our own personal experience:
- Mutianyu — the most magnificent fully-restored Great Wall section
- Jinshanling — the most popular Great Wall hiking route, with most beautiful original architecture
- Jiankou — the section that appears on most postcards, steep and perilous
However, we recognize your individual choice will be based on your own personal interests and requirements. See our Great Wall sections comparison for more information to base your choice on.
Discover the Great Wall with Us
If you are planning a Great Wall tour, see our guide to how to plan a Great Wall tour. Or see our recommended tours for inspiration:
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